Threats like habitat destruction as well as the catch of wild birds for the pet trade have led to almost 30 percent of neotropical parrot species being endangered with extinction.
Important barriers to reversing this unfortunate tendency include:
Low reproductive rates of numerous macaws, parrots, and parakeets
Not understanding the number of birds are Required to maintain viable populations
Information is also required concerning the susceptibility of macaws and other parrot species into forest fragmentation.
This latter issue has come to be especially applicable for the Tambopata area due to the Interoceanic Highway. This new street abuts the northern border of Tambopata and can lead to high levels of deforestation since it will become an increasingly significant conduit between Brazil and the Pacific shore.
George Olah expects to create genetic methods that could evaluate population size of Scarlet Macaws in Tambopata tour, their moves, and also the degree to which they’re influenced by forest fragmentation.
He does so by:
Utilizing genetic tagging to gauge territorial demands.
Capture – recapture sampling functions like this: imagine you’re in a little city, and you begin thinking down license plates. It won’t be too long until you run across precisely the exact same license plates. Based on how often you encounter precisely the exact same license plates, then you are able to estimate the entire size of this license plate”inhabitants”, by means of data. The exact same is the case of genes in DNA.
Genetic variability is another important facet of this research. Large variability signifies a people is very big, very varied or both.
This doctoral student from the Australian National University is amassing Red-and-green Macaw and Scarlet Macaw feathers in clay licks and nests close to our lodges to get a genetic analysis that will provide the answers to.
Determine the minimal land needed for sustainable macaw inhabitants.
Monitor the health of macaw populations with the years in Tambopata.
Use similar practices to conserve money in different areas of earth.
We’re delighted to have George execute this important job in the Tambopata Research Center and are happy that guests staying in the Tambopata Research Center involving the months of November and April at 2011 and 2012 is going to have the opportunity to talk with him in person about this continuing study.